“Datsu-A Ron” is an unsigned editorial of a newspaper called “時事新報” published in March 16, 1885.
Note: The newspaper was founded by Fukuzawa Yukichi who
- founded Keio University.
- invited many(about 50) Korean students from Chosun/Korea later known as 개화파(modernization/independence party) such as Kim Okgyun, and 박영효 .
- helped 개화파 publishing the first newspaper called 漢城旬報 in Korea in 1883.
- helped the development of the modern educational system in Korea using Hanja-Hangul for the first time in the Korean history.
- taught 井上角五郎(Kakugorou Inoue) and sent him to Korea, along with other students, who created the Hangul font in Japan and used it in Korean newspaper called 漢城周報 in 1886 for the first time in the Korean history.
- felt desperate when he heard his students(The Gaehwapa, or Enlightenment Party) failed in Gapsinjeongbyeon incident and many of his students were slaughtered including Kim Ok-gyun.
Historical significance of Datsu-A Ron is that this was Fukuzawa’s “concession speech”. He tried so much and fought very hard for the enlightenment and civilization of Asian countries through education. He personally supported Koreans and Chinese students in order to help modernize these countries. This was his admonition of failure and desperation.
About the Sinocentrism/사대주의(事大主義)/Flunkeyism, read this post.